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The second market of construction machinery is in urgent need of regulating the prospect. It is expected that the second market of construction machinery is in urgent need of regulating the prospect. Since this year, the second auction of construction machinery has been held in full swing all over the country, with an impressive turnover. The auction of second-hand construction machinery products without exception has become one of the preferred marketing modes for major agents. The auction boom of second-hand excavators, second-hand loaders and even second-hand pump trucks began to sweep the entire construction machinery market. In the final analysis, why the second auction is so popular is the demand of the market. Under the background of the rapid growth of the second ownership, the auction is just a product that conforms to the market demand. Second hand construction machinery auction

according to the statistics of China Construction Machinery Industry Association, by the end of 2013, the number of major products of China's construction machinery was about 6.11 million to 6.62 million. Behind these figures lies a huge secondary market. Although the trading volume of second-hand auctions is rising, its development is still unsatisfactory today due to numerous constraints

poor circulation channels

the sales methods of second-hand construction machinery are generally divided into three types: the first is to be digested by the dealers themselves, the second is to be processed through the secondary distribution markets such as Tianjin and Shenzhen, and the third is to auction with the help of the tripartite platforms such as e-pole and Li brothers. The imperfection of second-hand equipment sales channels is one of the key issues affecting the orderly development of the industry. At present, more than 80% of domestic second-hand equipment transactions are private transactions. Suzimeng, Secretary General of China Construction Machinery Association, once said that the transaction of second-hand equipment only stays at the superficial level of paying and delivering first-hand, lacking corresponding contract constraints, too much luck in equipment purchase, and the interests of users are not guaranteed. The market access threshold of domestic second-hand construction machinery is low, there is no relevant law to regulate the entry of equipment, and there is no authoritative equipment evaluation agency to price second-hand equipment, which makes the fraud in the process of equipment purchase and sale exist for a long time. Various problems have been restricting the development of the second industry in China

it is understood that in China, according to the formal procedures, the second export must go through legal inspection in terms of Customs caliber. In the legal inspection, if the equipment itself is imported, the customs declaration at the time of import shall be provided to prove the legitimacy. At the same time, the inspectors shall also check the model on the equipment nameplate to verify the equipment. However, legal inspection can only prove its integrity, not its performance

due to the large volume of private transactions, the legal inspection can not well supervise the flow direction and quality of the second. This has led to the phenomenon that the second market is mixed with good and bad, and has also brought higher risks to consumers who buy the second market

at present, there are identity recognition systems for construction machinery in developed countries such as Europe, the United States and Japan. Whether it is a new machine, a second machine or a remanufactured equipment, it can be tracked and investigated through the identity recognition system. At the same time, the problems, service life, performance and other parameters of the machine can also be clearly presented, making the sales of the whole construction machinery industry transparent

Qijun, President of China Construction Machinery Industry Association, once said that we are very concerned about the secondary market. With the increasing number of sio2nh2o construction machinery in the market year by year, the circulation of the secondary market will become a normal. The association began to promote identity recognition and learn from Europe and the United States. When leaving the factory, there was a serial number of identity recognition. This work is being carried out and has received strong support from the host manufacturer. We are going to start with five products. Only by establishing an identification system can we accurately distinguish whether a device is used or new

promote energy conservation and environmental protection

at present, the state has been actively promoting green manufacturing, and in accordance with the principles of reduction, reuse and recycling, it has made efforts to reduce energy and resource consumption, improve resource utilization, and reduce the discharge level of wastewater, exhaust gas and solid waste

some insiders said that China's energy-saving and environmental protection engineering machinery industry will face important opportunities. From the series of new products launched in recent years, energy conservation and environmental protection have become an important direction for the strategic development of construction machinery enterprises. Energy conservation and environmental protection will become the mainstream trend in the development of construction machinery, whether from the aspects of reducing environmental burden or breaking foreign trade barriers

in addition to developing new technologies on new machines, the remanufacture of construction machinery will also become another key point for realizing energy conservation and environmental protection, which is an important railway in southern Mongolia. As the second market can be said to be the food for the remanufacture industry, as the saying goes, a skillful woman cannot make bricks without straw. Now the domestic second market has more than 6million sets, and is entering the capture device: the rapid growth of the market after the electromagnet automatic capture has provided sufficient food for the remanufacture industry

however, due to many problems, such as the service life of circulation may not reach 30 years, nonstandard trading, evaluation, pricing and many other factors, unsound standards, and a serious shortage of personnel engaged in relevant evaluation, the two markets are mixed. In particular, the lack of product technical evaluation, product valuation, transaction agency, insurance claim settlement, mortgage loan, auction, pawn and other relevant links in the process of second-hand construction machinery trading by relevant professional appraisers makes it even more difficult to select the equipment suitable for remanufacture among the numerous second-hand construction machinery

to solve the problem of secondary market not only solves the situation that the second-hand market is mixed with good and evil people, disrupting the normal development of the market, but also effectively realizes the environmental protection concept of waste utilization. In addition, it can provide good raw material support for the downstream remanufacture industry, and solve the embarrassing situation of the construction machinery remanufacture industry. Attaching importance to the guidance of the second market and the formulation of standards will be a key to the green development of construction machinery

Qi Jun once said that with the increase of China's construction machinery market, the proportion of the stock market has increased rapidly. Problems such as the non-standard circulation of the second-hand construction machinery market, the lack of evaluation and pricing system, the imperfection of relevant laws and regulations such as transaction taxes, and the imperfect construction of the service system have become increasingly prominent. In view of the current situation of the second-hand equipment market, in order to lead the healthy development of the industry, standardize the market transaction order, establish and improve the circulation norms of second-hand equipment, the association will strengthen the management and standardization of second-hand equipment

it is understood that in the development of the overseas second-hand equipment aftermarket, new equipment accounts for 10% of the profit margin, second-hand equipment accounts for 15% of the profit margin, leasing accounts for 25% of the profit margin, accessories account for 25% of the profit margin, and maintenance services account for 59% of the profit margin

China's construction machinery industry is under the adjustment of the new normal, and the secondary market is also in the stage of gradual development. How to turn the market now regarded as chicken ribs into delicious food will depend on the joint efforts of practitioners, enterprises, governments and other parties in the industry

the tax policy needs to be adjusted

second, as long as the transaction is on the market, the tax must be paid, and the same is true for domestic transactions and exports. This is not difficult to explain why the quantity of China's second export is rarely paid attention to. It is understood that the value-added tax of 17% can be refunded for new car exports, but the second export has not been refunded. Throughout the countries with developed secondary circulation, Europe has a 10% export tax rebate, while Japan used to have a 5% tax rebate, but now it has increased to 8%, depending on the new and old equipment. If China can refer to the tax rebate policies of other countries with a certain proportion, it will greatly promote the second export

the problem of tax also indirectly pushed up the price of China's second-hand market, especially the price of imported equipment, which is even higher, because the price includes 8% import tax and 17% value-added tax. Consider that a quarter of the price of an imported equipment is tax. When the equipment enters the second-hand market, this part of the cost must be transferred to the second-hand consumers. If a consumer buys the equipment in the second-hand market, He has to pay another 17% value-added tax for this purpose. For consumers who use construction machinery for a long time, the cost of a new machine is not much more expensive than that of the second machine to some extent, and the performance of the new machine is more guaranteed. This is the problem that makes it difficult for China to conclude a deal

tax is charged as a percentage of the price. Since this is the case, another problem arises again, that is, secondary pricing. At present, there is no institution or organization in China to conduct unified evaluation and pricing on the two. How to price has also become a key issue in the secondary market. Developed countries such as Europe and the United States price second-hand equipment according to the depreciation rate. They have a clear price according to the unified standard, or it is also beneficial to the adjustment of national secondary market tax policies in the future

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